Múltiplos efeitos da pandemia de Covid-19 no contexto do transplante de órgãos no Brasil e no mundo

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.57148/bepa.2023.v.20.39591

Palavras-chave:

covid-19, obtenção de tecidos e órgãos, impacto

Resumo

Introdução: Este artigo apresenta uma revisão literária do impacto dos transplantes de órgãos no contexto da pandemia de Covid-19. Esse período gerou desafios significativos para os programas de transplantes em todo o mundo, afetando a disponibilidade de órgãos, a segurança dos receptores, dos doadores e de recursos médicos. Objetivos: Realizar um levantamento dos aspectos relacionados aos impactos da pandemia de Covid-19 em torno do processo de transplantes. Método: Foi feita uma revisão sistemática com busca de artigos nas bases do PubMed, SciELO e LILACS, março de 2020 a fevereiro de 2023. Os descritores foram utilizados de forma combinada: “Covid-19”, “Transplante de órgãos (Organ transplant)” e “Impacto (Impact)”. Resultados: Foram encontrados 24 artigos. Diante da emergência da situação provocada pela síndrome respiratória aguda causada pela Covid-19, houve ocupação de unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI), gerando indisponibilidade de leitos para pacientes transplantados. O número de transplantes sofreu decréscimo diante dos impactos da pandemia de Covid-19. Conclusões: A pandemia de Covid-19 impactou os receptores de órgãos na diminuição de transplantes e doação de órgãos, repercutindo nos aspectos emocionais e psicológicos dos pacientes e de suas famílias, bem como dos profissionais de saúde, cujo desafio é garantir a continuidade dos procedimentos. Nota-se a importância da promoção de políticas públicas que favoreçam a melhor organização e disponibilidade de leitos para a realização de transplantes

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2023-12-29

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Fonseca CBA, Paes KS, Cardoso RAB, Gonçalves MV, Candido MH, Neves SBDA, Destefano G, Villela EFM, Zanuzzi TRL, Oliveira FM. Múltiplos efeitos da pandemia de Covid-19 no contexto do transplante de órgãos no Brasil e no mundo. Bepa [Internet]. 29º de dezembro de 2023 [citado 28º de maio de 2024];20:e39591. Disponível em: https://periodicos.saude.sp.gov.br/BEPA182/article/view/39591

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