Hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos: uma revisão sobre metodologias de análise e níveis de contaminação em produtos cárneos defumados

Autores

  • Letícia de Queiroz Mozaner Programa de Aprimoramento Profissional (PAP) em Determinação de Contaminantes Químicos em Produtos e Materiais de Interesse à Saúde Pública, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Secretaria de Saúde do Estado de São Paulo
  • Adriana Palma de Almeida Núcleo de Contaminantes Orgânicos, Centro de Contaminantes, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
  • Simone Alves da Silva Núcleo de Contaminantes Orgânicos, Centro de Contaminantes, Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, SP, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53393/rial.2019.v78.34697

Palavras-chave:

hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos, contaminantes, defumação, produtos cárneos, métodos de análise

Resumo

A defumação é um processo rotineiramente empregado nos alimentos como técnica de conservação, e uma maneira de proporcionar as características sensoriais específicas. Entretanto, o processo pode levar à formação de hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (HPAs), que são compostos com dois ou mais anéis aromáticos condensados, alguns deles considerados carcinogênicos, mutagênicos e teratogênicos. Estudos em diversos países indicam que a contaminação de produtos cárneos defumados por diferentes HPAs é elevada e frequente, e desta maneira pode apresentar risco à saúde humana. O Brasil tem sido um dos maiores consumidores de carne no mundo, com tendência de aumentar o consumo de alimentos processados, e não é conhecida a real exposição da população aos HPAs pela ingestão de produtos cárneos defumados. Não há dados nacionais recentes quanto à contaminação destes alimentos com estes produtos. Considerando este panorama, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar a revisão das principais metodologias analíticas, dos aspectos regulatórios e dos níveis de HPAs detectados em produtos cárneos defumados. Ademais, são apresentadas as maneiras de reduzir a contaminação dos alimentos por estes compostos.

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Publicado

2019-03-29

Como Citar

de Queiroz Mozaner, L. ., Palma de Almeida, A. ., & Alves da Silva, . S. . (2019). Hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos: uma revisão sobre metodologias de análise e níveis de contaminação em produtos cárneos defumados . Revista Do Instituto Adolfo Lutz, 78(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.53393/rial.2019.v78.34697

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